Safety Standards

Footwear Standards

EN ISO 20345:2011
This international standard specifies basic and additional (optional) requirements for safety footwear used for general purposes. It includes, for example, mechanical risks, slip resistance, thermal risks, and ergonomic behaviour.
The presence of a safety toecap providing protection against impact injury to the toes caused by falling objects. Level of protection provided is 200 joules.
Prevention of compression injury to the toes if trapped under a heavy object. Level of this protection is 15kN.
As SB standard plus penetration resistance.
As SB standard plus closed seat region, anti-static properties, resistance to fuel oil and energy absorption of seat region.
As S1 standard plus penetration resistance.
As S1 standard plus water penetration and water absorption resistance.
As S2 standard plus cleated outsole and penetration resistance.
200 joule toecap protection. All rubber or all polymeric footwear with anti-static properties. Resistance to fuel oil, energy absorption of seat region and closed seat region.
As S4 standard plus cleated outsole and penetration resistance. 
EN ISO 13287:2012
This European Standard specifies a method of test for the slip resistance of conventionally soled safety, protective and occupational footwear. It is not applicable to special purpose footwear containing spikes, metal studs or similar.

The item of footwear to be tested is put on a surface, subjected to a given normal force and moved horizontally relative to the surface. The frictional force is measured and the dynamic coefficient of friction is calculated. If the outsole passes both the ceramic tile test (SRA) and the steel floor test (SRB) it is marked as SRC.
Surface Ceramic Tile (SRA) Lubricant Sodium Lauryl Sulphate
Slip Resistance - Outsole F30 * (Minimum requirement)


Electrostatics - Standard test methods for specific applications - Footwear This part of IEC 61340 describes a test method for determining the electrical resistance of footwear used in the control of electrostatic potential on people. This standard is suitable for use by the manufacturer of footwear as well as the end user. Two types of footwear exist.

Electrostatic Conductive Footwear
Footwear as tested by the method described in this standard with an electrical resistance
of < 1 Ω x 10⁵

Electrostatic Dissipative Footwear
Footwear as tested by the method described in this standard with an electrical resistance of > 1 Ω x 10⁵ and < 1 Ω x 10⁸. 

Glove Standards

EN388:2003

EN 388:2003 – Protective gloves against mechanical risks

The following equipment is used to assess the properties of gloves specified by the EN388 standard, which is symbolised by the pictogram above.

A Martindale wear and abrasion tester is used to measure the abrasion resistance. The test involves rubbing samples, cut from the palms of gloves, against a standard glass paper until a hole is worn through one of the samples. The number of abrasion cycles is used to assess the performance.

A Sodemat cut tester is used to measure the resistance to cutting. Samples are cut from gloves and placed in a frame which enables a circular, counter-rotating blade to slice through the glove material. The number of cycles required by the blade to cut through the glove are recorded. These are converted into a cutting index by comparison with the number of cycles required to cut through a standard reference material. The standard now allows for an alternative test method to be used for highly cut resistant products and this test is described in EN ISO 13997. It measures the force required to make a cut in the test sample 20mm long and is often referred to as the ISO Cut Test. Performance levels are established according to cutting index.

Puncture and tear resistance are measured with a tensometer. Puncture resistance is measured as the force required to break through samples from gloves with a standard puncture needle (it should be noted that the design of this needle is comparable to that of a large nail, and the puncture strength from this test cannot be used to assess resistance to puncture by hypodermic needles). Tear resistance is measured as the force required to tear apart samples from the glove which are in the form of a pair of trousers (this test is also known as a trouser tear test). The legs of the trouser samples are pulled apart and the maximum force used to assess tearing resistance of the material.     

 EN 407:2004

EN 407:2004 – Protective gloves against thermal risks (heat and/or fire)

Burning Behaviour is tested according to EN ISO 6941 with the glove mounted and tested vertically. A flame is placed directly below and in line with the glove at an angle of 30° and a distance of 20mm. The glove is tested for each ignition time i.e. 3 seconds and 15 seconds.

Contact Heat is tested according to EN 702. Samples are taken from the palm area and placed in contact with a cylinder of the appropriate temperature. To gain the relevant performance level, the temperature of the inside of the glove cannot rise by more than 10°C within the threshold time.

Convective Heat is tested according to EN 367 : 1992. Samples are subjected to the incident heat from a flame, and the heat passing through to the inside of the glove is measured. The time to record a temperature rise of 24°C is the Heat Transfer Index (HTI).

Radiant Heat is tested according to EN ISO 6942 : 2002. The sample is exposed to radiant heat density of 20kW/m2 and the time taken for the temperature on the inside of the glove to rise 24°C gives the performance level.

Resistance to small splashes of molten metal is tested according to EN 348 : 1992. Molten drops from a metal rod melted by exposing the rod to a flame are allowed to fall on the sample. The number of drops required to the raise the temperature on the inside of the glove by 40°C gives the performance level.

Resistance to large splashes of molten metal is tested according to EN 373 : 1993. A quantity of molten iron is poured onto the sample, which has a PVC film mounted behind the sample. 

EN 511:2006 

EN 511:2006 – Protective gloves against cold 

Convective Cold is tested by measuring the power required to maintain a constant temperature on a heated full-scale hand model in the ambient atmosphere of a climatic room which provides uniform conditions. The hand model is typically heated to 30-35°C. The resultant thermal insulation (ITR) is calculated using the hand model temperature, climatic room temperature and the power consumption of the heated hand to maintain a constant temperature.

Contact Cold is tested according to ISO 5085-1 : 1989. The Thermal Resistance (R) is calculated by placing the sample on top of a heated plate with another metal plate (cold plate) placed on top of the sample. This is placed inside a cabinet which has an extractor fan to draw air past the assembly which has a cooling effect on the cold plate. The temperature gradient either side of the sample is measured and compared with the temperature gradient either side of a reference standard. The Thermal Insulation is calculated from the known thermal resistance of the standard and the measured temperature gradients.

EN 374-2:2003 

EN 374-2:2003 – Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms – Part 2: Determination of resistance to penetration 

Resistance to permeation is assessed by measuring the time for a chemical to break through the glove material. Samples, cut from the palms of gloves, are placed in a permeation cell which enables the chemical to be placed in contact with the outer surface of the gloves. Collection air or water is passed through the cell to collect any chemical that has broken through to the inside surface of the glove sample. Polyco laboratories are equipped with a FTIR spectrometer (to detect solvents), conductivity/pH electrodes (to detect acids, alkalis and salts) and UV/Visible spectrophotometer (to detect high boiling point, water soluble chemicals and solvents).

EN 374-3:2003 

EN 374-3:2003 – Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms – Part 3: Determination of resistance to permeation by chemicals.

EN 374-3:2003 

EN 374-3:2003 – Protective gloves against chemicals and micro-organisms – Part 3: Determination of resistance to permeation by chemicals

Performance levels are assessed according to the breakthrough times of the chemicals. 

EN 381-7:1999

EN 381-7:1999 – Hand-held chain saw protective gloves

This European Standard specifies the requirements for gloves for resistance to cutting by a chainsaw when assessed by the test method described in EN381-4. The requirements are also given for marking and for the provision of information to be supplied by the manufacturer including criteria for the selection of appropriate gloves and instructions for use.  

Contact with foodstuff 

EN1186 Food Contact –  EN1186 Food Contact 

There are two stages that a glove manufacturer must go through to ensure that a plastic article is suitable for food contact use: 

  • Ensure that the product formulation only contains substances listed in EU Regulation 10/2011 (plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with foodstuffs). This is a positive list whereby the product concerned can only be made from the materials listed in this directive. 
  • Perform either specific or total migration testing or both to ensure that the article in contact with food does not leach anything into the food. This is detailed in the EN1186 series of standards (materials and articles in contact with foodstuffs – plastics). 
This set of standards lays down what chemicals can be used to replicate various food types in addition to the methods to be used. There are 4 food stuffs defined: 

  • Aqueous: where plain water is used as the food simulant
  • Alcoholic: where 10% ethanol solution is used as the food simulant
  • Acidic: where 3% acetic acid solution is used as the food simulant
  • Fatty: where various equivalents are used as the food stimulant. Typically these are iso-octane, 95% ethanol or olive oil.

There is a maximum overall migration limit from the article into the food of 10mg/dm2, any article being used in contact with food must meet this requirement.

There are also correction factors that can be applied to the migration results of fatty foods. This is based on the fat content of the food and the ability of a particular foodstuff to extract component(s) out of an article in contact with food. Highly fatty foods such as oils have no reduction factors, while meats have a reduction factor of 4.

This means that even when the overall migration limit of 10mg/dm2 is exceeded, the article may still be suitable for use depending on the type of food being handled.

Hearing Protection Standards


EN 352-1 Ear muffs headbandEN 352-2 Ear plugsEN 352-3 Helmet mounted ear muffsEN 352- 4 Electronic ear muffs
EN 352- 6 Ear muffs with electrical audio input
EN 352- 8 Entertainment audio ear muffs
EN 458 Recommendations regarding the selection, use, care and maintenance of hearing protection equipment (HPE)
SNR - Measure for comparing devices for ear protection over a range of frequencies as the levell of protection of a given device will depend on the frequency of the background noise. 

Respiratory Protection Standards

EN136:1998

Respiratory Protective Devices - Full Face Masks.This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for full face masks for respiratory protective devices.

EN140:1998
Respiratory Protective Devices - Half Masks and Quarter Masks.
This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for half masks and quarter masks for use as part of respiratory protective devices, except escape apparatus and diving apparatus.

EN143:2000
Respiratory Protective Devices - Particle Filters.
This European Standard specifies particle filters for use as components in unassisted respiratory protective devices with the exception of escape apparatus and filtering face pieces.

EN14387:2004
Respiratory Protective Devices - Gas Filter(s) and Combined Filter(s).
This European Standard refers to gas filters and combined filters for use as components in unassisted respiratory protective devices.

EN149:2001
Respiratory Protective Devices - Half Masks and Quarter Masks. This European Standard specifies minimum requirements for filtering half masks as respiratory protective devices to protect against particles except for escape purposes.

EN149:2001 + A1:2009 supersedes EN149:2001. The amended standard has incorporated the 120mg exposure test in accordance with EN13274-7. In addition, filtering face masks will now be classified as either single use/single shift (NR) or reusable/more than 1 shift (R).

Eye Protection Standards

EN166:2001 Personal Eye Protection
All optical products carry the CE mark indicating compliance with the relevant European Standard EN 166. This standard tests for: impact, optical quality, chemical, dust and molten metal protection.

EN1731:
Specifies materials, design, performance requirements, test methods and marking requirements for mesh eye and face protectors.

S-basic use robustness
F-high speed particles, low energy impact
B-high speed particles, medium energy impact
A-high speed particles, high energy impact

If the symbols F, B and A are not common to both the mesh, the additional or alternative ocular and the frame then it is the lower level which shall be assigned to the complete mesh eye and face protector.

EN175
Equipment for eye and face protection during welding and allied processes

Additional lens specifications:
AS: Anti-scratch coating AF: Anti-fog coating
 

Flame Retardant Standards

EN ISO 11612
The performance requirements set out in this international standard are applicable to garments which could be worn for a wide range of end uses, where there is a need for clothing with limited flame spread properties and where the user can be exposed to radiant or convective or contact heat or molten metal splashes.

Code A: Limited flame spread
Code B: Protection against Convective Heat - 3 levels
Code C: Protection against Radiant Heat - 4 levels
Code D: Protection against Molten Aluminium Splash - 3 levels
Code E: Protection against Molten Iron Splash - 3 levels
Code F: Protection against Contact Heat - 3 levels

EN ISO 11612:2008

  • Dimensional change
  • Limited Flame Spread (A1+A2)
  • Convective heat (B)
  • Radiant Heat (C)
  • Molten Aluminium Splash (D)
  • Molten Iron Splash (E)
  • Contact heat (F)
  • Heat Resistance
  • Tensile strength
  • Tear strength
  • Busting strength
  • Seam strength





EN531:1995 
Harmonised European standard for protective clothing for industrial workers exposed to heat (excluding firefighters’ and welders’ clothing) 
The following categorisation states performance levels:

A – limited flame spread
B – protection against convective heat
C – protection against radiant heat

EN531:1995


  • Dimensional change
  • Limited Flame Spread (A)
  • Convective Heat (B)
  • Radiant Heat (C)
  • Molten Aluminium Splash (D)
  • Molten Iron Splash (E)


 
EN1149-5:2008 

Is the harmonised European standard for protective clothing- protection against the danger caused by static electricity. This standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.

• EN1149-1:1996 Test method for surface conducting fabrics.
• EN1149-3:2004 Charge decay test method for all fabrics.
• EN1149-5:2008 Performance requirements.

The fabric/garment is exposed to an electric arc confined in a specific box with a specific electrode arrangement for 0.5 seconds. Class 1 is to a current of 4 kA arc, Class 2 is to a current of 7 kA arc. Test conditions for class 1 & 2 try to stimulate typical exposure conditions for a short circuit current of 4kA and 7kA respectively.

Open Arc Method EN61482-1-1.
TESTED USING METHOD A - FABRIC ONLY. The ATPV (Arc Thermal Protection Value) result (expressed in cal/cm2) represents the maximum incident thermal energy in units of energy per square area that a fabric can support before the wearer will suffer 2nd degree burns. This method tests the fabric with an 8 kA arc for various incident durations. Workers are assumed to be safe if the arc rating of their clothes exceeds the electric arc incident energy calculated in the worst case scenario of a risk assessment. Garments can be layered to achieve an overall ATPV Rating. For example, thermals may achieve an ATPV of 4.3 Cal/m2, and an outer coverall may achieve an ATPV of 13.6Cal/cm2. However the combination ATPV will be greater than the sum of the two single layers, as the air gap between the two layers affords the wearer additional protection.





EN13034:2005 + A1:2009 Protective Clothing against Liquid Chemicals
Performance requirements for chemical protective clothing offering limited protective performance against liquid chemicals (Type 6 and Type PB [6] equipment). This standard specifies the minimum requirements for limited use and re-useable limited performance chemical protective clothing. Limited performance chemical protective clothing is intended for use in cases of a potential exposure to a light spray, liquid aerosols or low pressure, low volume splashes, against which a complete liquid permeation barrier (at a molecular level)is not required. 

The standard covers both chemical protective suits (Type 6) and partial body protection (Type PB[6]). Chemical Protective suits (Type 6) cover and protect at least the trunk and the limbs, e.g. one piece coveralls or two piece suits, with or without hood, boot-socks or boot covers. Partial body protection of similar limited performance (Type PB [6])covers and protects only specific parts of the body, e.g. coats, aprons, sleeves etc.

IEC 61482-2:2009
This standard investigates the fabric and garments ability to protect against the thermal effects of an electric arc event. This can be done via two test methods:

IEC 61482-2
ATPV or EBT50 = xxx cal/cm2
Or
Class 1 or Class 2
OR
IEC 61482-2

ATPV or EBT50 = xxx cal/cm2
and
Class 1 or Class 2

Box Test Method EN61482-1-2




EN ISO 14116

This standard specifies the performance requirements for the limited flame spread properties of materials, material assemblies and protective clothing in order to reduce the possibility of the clothing burning and thereby itself constituting a hazard. Additional requirements for clothing are also specified.

EN ISO 14116:2008

  • Limited Flame Spread
  • Tensile Strength
  • Tear Strength
  • Seam Strength


EN533:1997 
Harmonised European standard for protective clothing - protection against heat and flame - limited flame spread materials and material assemblies.

EN533-1:1997
Limited Flame Spread


EN470-1:1995
Harmonised European standard
for protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes.

EN470-1:1995

  • Tensile strength
  • Tear strength
  • Dimensional strength
  • Limited Flame Spread
  • Small drops of molten metal

EN ISO 11611 
This International standard specifies minimum basic safety requirements and test methods for protective clothing for use in welding and allied processes (excluding hand protection).
The international standard specifies two classes with specific performance requirements. Class 1

High Visibility Clothing Standards

EN471:2003 + A1:2007 - HIGH VISIBILITY
EN 471 is the harmonised European standard for high visibility clothing. It specifies the requirements for signaling the users presence day or night. It intends to make users in hazardous situations conspicuous under any light conditions.


X = Surface of fluorescent and retro-reflective material (3 levels)
Y = Quality of the retro-reflecting materials (2 levels)

EN ISO 20471:2013 - HIGH VISIBILITY
The new International Standard for High Visibility Clothing is due to be published in the Official Journal of the EU in 2013.

Summary of the main updates to the new EN ISO 20471 standard:
EN ISO 20471 Performance parameter:
X = Surface of fluorescent and retro-reflective material (3 levels)
1. Class 1 Retro- reflective tape is no longer an option so only Class 2 Retroreflective tape is permissible.
2. The EN ISO 20471 symbol has been updated. (See below)
3. Placement of retro-reflective tape – The mandatory patterns for retroreflective tape remain unchanged, except now additional bands of tape may be added to achieve required areas.
4. Class 3 garments must now be garments, which cover the torso and have either full-length sleeves and or full-length legs.
5. Fluorescent background materials must pass colour and luminance tests after stated number of washes on the care label. (not applicable to vests and tabards)
6. Tensile strength, Burst strength, Tear strength requirements have been reduced.
7. Colourfastness to perspiration staining requirement has increased to 4.
8. Colourfastness to washing/drycleaning staining requirement has been reduced to 4 for non-fluorescent fabrics.
9. Water vapour permeability requirements for fabrics (excluding EN343 fabrics) have been amended.
10. Retro – Reflective Tape: Performance after washing test method requires each cycle to be a wash and dry cycle. EN471 only requires drying after the last wash cycle.


Class 3: Highest Level Highest level of protection - required for any persons working on or near motorways or dual-carriage ways or airports. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.80m2 of background material and 0.20m2 of retro-reflective materials. (4 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)





Class 2: Intermediate Level required for any persons working on or near A and B class roads, also for delivery drivers. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.50m2 of background material and 0.13m2 of  retroreflective material. (2.60 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)



Class 1: Minimum Level Minimum level of protection required for any persons working on a private road or to be used in conjunction with a higher classed garment. Must incorporate a minimum of 0.14m2 of background material and 0.10m2 of retroreflective material. (2 metres of 5cm wide reflective tape)




EN 1150 – PROTECTIVE CLOTHING
This European standard specifies the optical performance requirements for high visibility clothing to be worn by adults and by juveniles, and designed for non-professional use.

EN 343 - PROTECTION AGAINST RAIN
EN 343 is the harmonised European standard that applies to garments worn in adverse weather conditions. It specifies the characteristics of protective clothing against the influence of foul weather, wind and cool above - 5oc. The standard provides for two performance parameters:
Y = Breathable properties (3 levels)
X = Waterproofness (3 levels) EN 13356 – VISIBILITY ACCESSORIES FOR NON-PROFESSIONAL USE
This standard specifies the optical performance requirements for accessories which are to be worn, attached to or carried by people and designed for non-professional use. Visibility accessories complying with this standard are intended to signal the users presence visually when illuminated by vehicle headlight on dark roads.


Cold Store Clothing Standards

EN 342
All ColdStore styles are certified to EN 342 standard for ColdStore Clothing and are CE marked accordingly. The garments guarantee to cover chill (2˚C to -5˚C) through to cold store (-25˚C) to deep freeze (-40˚C).

EN 342 - PROTECTION AGAINST COLD EN 342 is the harmonised European standard that specifies requirements and test methods for performance of clothing ensembles (ie. two piece suits or coveralls) and of single garments for protection against cold environment. 

Static Electricity Symbol

EN1149-5:2008
Is the harmonized European standard for protective clothing- protection against the danger caused by static electricity. This standard is not applicable for protection against mains voltages.